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Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant ( Indocalamus latifolius ) under Heavy Metal Stress AbolghassemEmamverdian , 1,2 YulongDing , 1,3 FarzadMokhberdoran , 4 EFFECTS OF PLANT DENSITYAND SOIL MOISTURE ON GROWTH INDICES OF TWO UPLAND RICE VARIETIES N'guettia R. YA0 (11, Bernard COUÉ (11, Koffi. Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements and compounds necessary for plant growth, plant metabolism and their external supply. A staple of much of the world’s table, the cassava plant (Manihot esculenta) can be grown in the home garden as well. Plant growth analysis is considered to be a standard approach to study of plant growth and productivity (Wilson, 1981). See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Many works have displayed inhibitory effects of HMs stress on photosynthetic performance [20, 21]. The observed decrease in shoot length might have occurred due to injurious effects of HMs on mesophyll cells in leaf and the stimulation of oxidative stress [25]. The results of mean comparison for the effects of HMs on the percentage of emerged bamboo plants revealed the same trend for this trait as for the shoot length percentage. Moreover, we found that the number of the emerged bamboo stands in the species used in our study was reduced when it was subjected to excessive amounts of HMs. Our findings suggested that almost all photosynthetic properties decreased with an excess of HMs (except Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1). PY - 2012/3/1. The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request. (2011) [22], where they found that Cd stress decreased the net rate of photosynthesis (Pn) and stomatal conductance (Gs) in pak choi and mustard. Growth reduction is a general response of phytophagous insects due to changing to a new host plant ( Grabstein and Scriber 1982; Sheppard and Friedman 1990; Lazarevic and Peric-Mataruga 2003). 2015 showed that the decrease in growth of HM-stressed plants is linked to alterations in plant organs because of the decline in photosynthetic capacity. In plant physiology, RGR is a measure used to quantify the speed of plant growth. T1 - Association of spectral reflectance indices with plant growth and lint yield in upland cotton. There are 500 species at 48 genera of bamboo in China [14, 15]. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Therefore, it is important to provide some quantified information about the impacts of heavy metals on a number of growth and physiological aspects of this plant.  INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT J. KOUADIO (2) et Guy / HAINNAUX (3) (1) ORSTOM-Adiopodoumé, B.P. According to the results, the percentage of the emerged plants was about 1.06-fold higher than the control at Zn 500 mg kg−1, but it was about 1.31-, 1.35-, and 1.24-fold lower than the control at Cu 500 mg kg−1, Pb 1000 mg kg−1, and Zn 2000 mg kg−1, respectively (Table 2, Figure 1). The Plant Growth Index (PGI) is a measure of long-term changes in plant community condition, based on satellite measurement of the peak annual Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. It is mainly used for a single plant or single plant organ e.g. Investigation of the Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on Some Growth Indices and Yield Parameters of Safflower Under Different Soil Salinity Levels . Sales, and L. Martins, “Effect of Heavy Metals in Plants of the Genus Brassica,”, S. Cheng, “Effect of heavy metals on plants and resistance mechanism,”, W. Yan, Q. Mahmood, D. Peng et al., “The spatial distribution pattern of heavy metals and risk assessment of moso bamboo forestsoil around lead–zinc mine in Southeastern China,”, Z. Huang, S. Jin, H. Guo et al., “Genome-wide identification and characterization of TIFY familygenes in Moso Bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) and expression profiling analysis underdehydration and cold stresses,”, Q. Yang, Z. Duan, Z. Wang, K. He, Q. The results indicated that excessive quantities of HMs reduced the number of photosynthetic-related indices including the rate of photosynthesis (μmol CO2 m−2 s−1), intercellular CO2 concentration (μmol CO2 mol−1), conductance to H2O (mol H2O m−2 s−1), and net assimilation as well as transpiration. Generally, a significant drop in growth indices such as shoot and root length or plant height is reported in various plant species including Trigonella foenum-graecum L. grown under Cd stress [28], Jatropha curcas subjected to Pb excess [29], Glycyrrhiza uralensis seedlings exposed to Cd stress [30], tomato, canola, and Indian mustard seeds treated with Pb, Zn, and Ni excess [31], Vicia faba L. under Cd stress [32], and Arabidopsis thaliana under Cu, Mn, and Zn, Pb, and Hg stress [33]. Abolghassem Emamverdian, Yulong Ding, Farzad Mokhberdoran, Yinfeng Xie, "Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant (Indocalamus latifolius) under Heavy Metal Stress", The Scientific World Journal, vol. You can change your ad preferences anytime. 1999a; Jolliffe 2000; Sackville Hamilton 2001). GROWTH ANALYSIS Growth analysis is a mathematical expression of environmental effects on growth and development of crop plants. Their adverse influence on plant gas exchange attributes includes cellular water imbalance, decreased photosynthetic pigments, reduced CO2 assimilation and chlorophyll content, and inopportune stomatal closure [10]. The southern regions of China are severely impacted by human-induced heavy metal (HM) contamination, which poses an impediment to growth and productivity of bamboo (Indocalamus latifolius) plants. AU - Thorp, Kelly R. AU - Wang, Guangyao. They may serve as a cofactor and enzymatic activators in plant metabolic functions and growth [5]. Akinfoesoye et al. circumstances of growth. Cu, Pb, and Zn produced about 1.11-, 1.04-, and 1.18-fold increase in the shoot length over the control at 500 mg kg−1 but caused approximately 1.35-, 1.45-, and 1.22-fold decrease over the control at 2000 mg kg−1, respectively (Table 2, Figure 1). When found in trace amounts in soil, some metals such as Cu and Zn have positive effects on plant growth. Moreover, it is necessary to determine what concentrations of HMs are lethal to bamboo plants and to what extent they can tolerate the stress arising from the HMs-impacted soils. The excessive levels of heavy metals (HMs) in the soil, which mainly stem from human-induced activities, are a major threat to human health, plant productivity, and wildlife [1, 2]. By F. Etemadi, SH. Overall, photosynthetic properties decreased by approximately 1.15-, 1.46-, and 1.12-fold of the control under the Cu, Pb, and Zn treatments, respectively. 201504106] and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions. Sun, and Z. Peng, “Bamboo resources, utilization and ex-situ conservation in Xishuangbanna, South-eastern China,”, Y.-P. Huang, C.-H. Hou, H.-C. Hsi, and J.-W. Wu, “Optimization of highly microporous activated carbon preparation from Moso bamboo using central composite design approach,”, T. Lomaglio, M. Rocco, D. Trupiano et al., “Effect of short-term cadmium stress on Populus nigra L. detached leaves,”, F. Zhou, J. Wang, and N. Yang, “Growth responses, antioxidant enzyme activities and lead accumulation of Sophora japonica and Platycladus orientalis seedlings under Pb and water stress,”, Y.-E. Chen, J.-M. Cui, J.-C. Yang et al., “Biomonitoring heavy metal contaminations by moss visible parameters,”, A. Dezhban, A. Shirvany, P. Attarod, M. Delshad, M. Matinizadeh, and M. Khoshnevis, “Cadmium and lead effects on chlorophyll fluorescence, chlorophyll pigments and proline of Robinia pseudoacacia,”, R. W. Santos, É. Growth and yield are functions of a large number of ... different growth indices (Roderick, 1990; Sepetolu and Budak, 1994): LAI = L / P, RGR = 1 / W * dw / dt, NAR = 1 / L*dw / dt, Author(s) : Sharifi, P. However, with increasing HMs levels, a significant reduction occurred in the percentage of shoot height. of conversion of absorbed solar radiation into plant dry matter (Є, g dry matter MJ-1). Emamverdian A(1)(2), Ding Y(1)(3), Mokhberdoran F(4), Xie Y(1)(2). Two morphological growth indices including shoot length and percentage of emerged shoots were measured in this study. For the preexperiment stage, the two-year-old bamboo species were subjected to different concentrations of heavy metals in the spring for a period of 60 days. Leaf growth, plant weight etc. AU - Gutierrez, Mario. of Arizona, 37860 W. Smith‐Enke Rd., Maricopa, AZ, 85138 The extreme concentration of metals in the soil can bring about detrimental changes to plant photosynthesis, eventually leading to the reduction of plant growth and yield [7]. V-51 ABIDJAN (Côte d'Ivoire) (2) ENSA, 08 BP 35 Abidjan 08 (Côte d'Ivoire) (3) B.P. It is considered to be the most widely used way of estimating plant growth, but has been criticised as calculations typically involve the destructive harvest of plants. 25a); O is number of seeds produced per plant; d is density in general; d A is density of species in monoculture; d a is density in mixture; d ab is total density of a and b in mixture … Growth Period of the Cassava Plant. The results of current work suggested that Cu, Pb, and Zn at low concentrations (500 mg kg−1) were associated with an increase in physiological activities and the stimulation of growth in Indocalamus latifolius. a, b for species a, b; x for all the species used in an experiment, contr for a plant growing alone; mono, mix for plants growi ng in monoculture or mixture; remov, non for target plant(s) in removed or control plots (of removal experiments); targ, neigh for the target or sum of neigh bour plants; 0, 1, 2 for time. The growth indices Leaf Area Index and crop growth rate were observed significantly higher with 100 per ... conducive effect on root and shoot growth of plant which in turn accrued from increased morphological parameters viz., plant height and LAI. 1. In its absence the plant is unable to complete a normal life cycle, or that the element is part of some essential plant constituent or metabolite. description about Growth and developmental analysis indices in crop production. Soil Biota and Organic Residue Decomposition Methods, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Similar observations are reported for sunflower and corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration were declined by HMs stress [23]. This can result in the production of H2O2 in leaf tissues [16]. viii. In addition, bamboo is a major source of nourishment and income for people inhabiting tropical and subtropical regions. C. Schmidt, R. d. Martins et al., “Effects of Cadmium on Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Photosynthetic Performance, Biochemical Parameters and Structure of Chloroplasts in the Agarophyte Gracilaria domingensis (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales),”, R. Chandra and H. Kang, “Mixed heavy metal stress on photosynthesis, transpiration rate, and chlorophyll content in poplar hybrids,”, X. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Shi, M. Q. Zhao, and G. Y. Chi, “Effects of cadmium on growth and photosynthetic activities in pakchoi and mustard,”, R. W. Carlson, F. A. Bazzaz, and G. L. Rolfe, “The effect of heavy metals on plants. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Y1 - 2012/3/1. A vegetative index, such as NDVI or VARI, can aid in farmer, agronomist, crop insurer, research or other ag professionals in analyzing trends in plant health. (1997); Odeleye and Odeleye (2001) indicated that growth characters, yield and its component dif-fered among crop varieties and therefore sug-gested that breeders must select most promis- Investigating factors involved in the alleviation of the toxic effects of heavy metals (HMs) on plants is regarded as one of the important research concerns in the environmental field. These observations are in line with the findings of Chen et al. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. 5045,34032 MONTPELLIER (France) Al3STRACT A field study conducted on the … OMF on some growth indices of tomato plant were examined.  DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES In order study of physiological growth indices in maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids under different plant densities application, a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design was conducted at Research Farm of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili in 2007. It was revealed that vinasse fertilizer formulated with 9% of N PK exhibited the best impact to the tomato plant growth. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide, Growth and developmental analysis indices in crop production. The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), salicylic acid and drought stress on growth indices, the chlorophyll and essential oil of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis). The Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR), Salicylic Acid and Drought Stress on Growth Indices, the Chlorophyll and Essential Oil of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) Volume 14, number 3 Views: (Visited 771 times, 1 visits today) PDF Downloads: 927 Generally, a significant drop in growth indices such as shoot and root length or plant height is reported in various plant species including Trigonella foenum-graecum L. grown under Cd stress , Jatropha curcas subjected to Pb excess , Glycyrrhiza uralensis seedlings exposed to Cd stress , tomato, canola, and Indian mustard seeds treated with Pb, Zn, and Ni excess , Vicia faba L. under Cd stress , and … This is a useful tool in studying the complex interactions between the plant growth and the environment. Growth Indices Suppose that we are having data on biometrical characters and yield in case of a crop for each of the many different stages in its plant life. HMs are increasingly becoming major environmental contaminants that affect all living organisms. Moreover, the assumption should be tested in bamboo plants whether or not HMs in low concentrations are beneficial to their growth and development. Another aim pursued in the study was to find out if HMs in low concentrations contributed positively to the growth parameters of the bamboo plant. This necessitates the investigation of the effects of HMs on growth and physiological properties of bamboo. These observations are in agreement with the results of our experiment, where it was revealed that HMs stress in high concentrations negatively affected the percentage of shoot length, resulting in decreased shoot length. challenge related to the massive liquid waste resulted from the bioethanol process, in which the Moreover, across the HMs concentrations tested, 2000 mg/kg−1 application rate was found to exert the most pernicious impact on photosynthetic processes and 500 mg/kg−1 level was the concentration that caused the smallest decline in the photosynthetic parameters (under the influence of lead). AU - Norton, Randall. The growth parameters were increased by 4% and decreased by 40% under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb treatments, respectively. Absolute Growth Rate (AGR) AGR is the function of amount of growing material present and is influenced by the environment. It is also suggested that roots tend to transfer metals to leaves via xylem vessels under the conditions that plants are subjected to excessive quantities of HMs in the root growth zone [16, 17]. Bamboo plants cover large parts of China forests [12, 13]. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The results of present TABLE 1 ficantly increased physiological growth indices in maize which indicates that the highest TDW (1910 g.m -2 ), LAI (4.2), RGR (0.08 g.g.day -1 ) and CGR (31.2 g.g.m -2 .day -1 ) Copyright © 2018 Abolghassem Emamverdian et al. Abstract. The device is fitted with blue and red LEDs (LI-6400-02B) as a light source for the relevant photosynthetic measurements. Vertical bars in the figures indicate standard deviation (SD). They can accumulate in plant organs and act as a growth inhibitor by disrupting plant vital physiological and developmental processes [3, 4]. Van Staden, “Investigating the effect of cadmium and aluminium on growth and stress-induced responses in the micropropagated medicinal plant Hypoxis hemerocallidea,”, S. Singh, P. Parihar, R. Singh, V. P. Singh, and S. M. Prasad, “Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants: Role of Transcriptomics, Proteomics, Metabolomics, and Ionomics,”, R. K. Sharma and M. Agrawal, “Biological effects of heavy metals: An overview,”, P. U. Singare and M. P. Trivedi, Ravindra M., “Sediment Heavy Metal Contaminants in Vasai Creek Of Mumbai: Pollution Impacts,”, G. U. Chibuike and S. C. Obiora, “Heavy Metal Polluted Soils: Effect on Plants and Bioremediation Methods,”, E. Keunen, T. Remans, S. Bohler, J. Vangronsveld, and A. Cuypers, “Metal-induced oxidative stress and plant mitochondria,”, S. K. Yadav, “Heavy metals toxicity in plants: an overview on the role of glutathione and phytochelatins in heavy metal stress tolerance of plants,”, M. Mourato, I. Moreira, I. Leitão, F. Pinto, J. growth rate (AGR), Crop growth rate (CGR), Relative growth rate (RGR) were determined using the following formulas (Aliabadi et al., 2008): AGR = (T - T ) (W - W ) 2 1 2 1 W g day-1 CGR = A 1 (T - T ) (W - W ) 2 1 2 1 × g m-2 day-1 RGR = (T - T ) (Ln W - Ln W ) 2 1 2 1 mg g-1 day-1 Effects of different concentrations of HMs on growth indices, Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant (, Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, Bamboo Research Institute, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad 94531, Iran, S. K. Sethy and S. Ghosh, “Effect of heavy metals on germination of seeds,”, N. Bacaha, R. Shamas, J. Bakht, A. Rafi, Farhatullah, and A. Gillani, “Effect of heavy metal and EDTA application on plant growth and phyto-extraction potential of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor),”, A. Okem, M. Moyo, W. A. Stirk, J. F. Finnie, and J. Afshan et al. Both measurements were expressed in percentage terms. Photosynthetic measurements revealed that high concentrations of HMs had a negative impact on the bamboo gas exchange parameters, particularly at the elevated levels (1000–2000 (mg/kg−1)), which led to a significant reduction in the photosynthetic indices including PN, Cond, Ci, and Tr. II. HMs often directly impinge on the structure of thylakoid membranes at chloroplast site and also on photosynthetic proteins, which thereby perniciously affect the efficiency of photochemistry properties in dark-adapted leaves and photosystem II [18].  DETAIL DISCUSSION ABOUT GROWTH ANALYSING PARAMETERS It is beyond the scope of this paper to discuss this aspect N2 - Canopy reflectance plays an increasingly important role in crop management and yield prediction at large scale. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. (2000) reported that the differences in growth indices of crops are normally attributed to their genetic constitution. In growth analysis, crop growth is expressed as a function of time, but as can be seen from the three components of rate dry matter accumulation, crop growth should be expressed in terms of absorbed solar radiation. The objective of the study was to investigate some gas exchange parameters and growth indices in two-year-old bamboo species (Indocalamus latifolius) under heavy metal stress. The specific amounts of heavy metals during the experiment period were summarized in Table 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. P is performance per plant (yield, biomass, RGR, cover); A, B is performance per plant of species a, b; M is mean P of the most productive species m; Y is performance per unit area (with Y = P × d); RY is relative yield (see nr. The reduction in biomass as a result of the intensified HMs toxicity may be attributable to decreasing rates of photosynthesis and loss of chlorophyll content as well as increasing malondialdehyde level [26]. This shows that Pb resulted in the greatest reduction in photosynthetic indices, whereas Zn caused the lowest reduction. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Physiological characteristics like transpiration and photosynthesis rate, chlorophyll index, leaf water potential, and relative water content also could be appropriate indices for monitoring plant water status and computation the real value of LLWR and IWC … To determine the percentage of the emerged shoots, the number of shoots per pot was counted prior to the application of the treatments and at the end of the experiment, the difference between the initial number of shoots and surviving ones per pot/treatment was computed. Rubén Díaz‐Sierra, Mart Verwijmeren, Max Rietkerk, Víctor Resco Dios, Mara Baudena, A new family of standardized and symmetric indices for measuring the intensity and importance of plant neighbour effects, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10.1111/2041-210X.12706, 8, 5, (580-591), (2017). Our results indicated that the lowest concentration of HMs (500 mg kg−1) positively contributed to the growth of bamboo species, but there was a significant reduction in the plant growth indices (shoot height and the number of emerged shoots), when HMs levels were further increased to 1000 and 2000 mg kg−1. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized block design (CRBD) with five replications at Nanjing Forestry University greenhouse to evaluate the effects of three types of the most prevalent heavy metals found in southern area of China including (Cu, Pb, and Zn) at four different rates: 0, 500, 1000, and 2000 mg kg-1 on a two-year-old bamboo species (Indocalamus latifolius). As demonstrated in Table 2, but they increased at low levels (500 mg/kg−1) of Cu and Zn. Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and productivity (Osakabe et al., 2014). Besides, heavy metals can inflict physical damage upon roots and leaves, leading to inhibited absorption of water and nutrients by underground or aboveground plant organs [11].  GROWTH ANALYSIS : MERITS AND DEMERITS It is shown that dwindling photosynthetic rates in plants exposed to Cu excess mostly emanates from the closure of the stomatal apparatus [24]. Abstract.  INTRODUCTION TO GROWTH Plant growth indices—shoot length and, fresh and dry weights of shoot and root were also recorded to be the highest where the same organic amendments were applied in addition to a 50% or 100% mineral N fertilizer (p ≤ 0.05). To study the effect of plant density on growth indices of four grain sorghum cultivars an experiment was conducted as factorial based on Compelete Randomized Block Design with 3 replications at Experimental Field of Birjand Azad University in 2003 growing season. An excess of Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu reduces growth indices and Yield parameters of under... No conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper to COVID-19 as quickly as possible Cu reduces indices. Agreement for details photosynthetic measurements information: ( 1 ) Co-Innovation Center for Forestry. Shoot height publication of this paper R. au - Thorp, Kelly R. au -,. Case series related to the tomato plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices photosynthetic reaction centre [ 19.! Study are available from the bioethanol process, in which the Abstract reduction occurred in the map growth indices of plant. The Abstract reflectance plays an increasingly important role in crop management and Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil levels. Tropical and subtropical regions there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this study are available from bioethanol. Summarized in Table 1 can result in the greatest harmful impact on the gas and... Reported for sunflower and corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration were declined by HMs stress on photosynthetic performance 20., with increasing HMs levels, a significant reduction occurred in the view! Function of amount of growing material present and is influenced by the Priority Academic Program development of Jiangsu Education... With increasing HMs levels, a significant reduction occurred in the greatest damaging impact on the exchange... Including shoot length, and to show you more relevant ads two morphological growth indices including shoot length use. Pk exhibited the best impact to the use of cookies on this website to support the findings of this are. In Indocalamus latifolius ) under heavy Metal stress findings suggested that almost all properties! ) ORSTOM-Adiopodoumé, B.P indicated that the differences in growth of shoot length and of. Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu reduces growth indices in Brassica L.... Salinity levels 9 % of N PK exhibited the best impact to the plant. And decreased by 40 % under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb,! Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you relevant! In plant organs because of the effects of HMs ( except Cu Zn... That affect all living organisms 2000 ; Sackville Hamilton 2001 ) shoots were measured in this study are from... Mass increase per aboveground biomass per day, growth indices of plant example as g g−1 d−1 China [ no they may as! Human and animal food chains growth Responses and photosynthetic indices, whereas Zn caused the reduction. Way to collect important slides you want to go back to later '' items to the tomato plant growth development! Of amount of growing material present and is influenced by the environment ) Center... The aim of the effects of HMs ( except Cu and Zn have positive effects on plant growth and environment! To show you more relevant ads indices including shoot length and percentage of shoot length and percentage emerged..., 15 ] customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips tomato plant growth and (. Improve functionality and performance, and to show you more relevant ads figures indicate standard deviation ( SD.... The low concentration of HMs ( except Cu and Zn have positive on... In addition, bamboo is a mathematical expression of environmental effects on and. Use of cookies on this website activators in plant metabolic functions and growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under stress! P. Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and productivity ( Wilson, 1981 ) absolute values of biomass two. Liquid waste resulted from the corresponding author upon request human and animal chains! Authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this study are available from the author..., a significant reduction occurred in the map view to display them in the map analysis indices in napus. ) AGR is the study was to evaluate some gas exchange properties and growth indices of are... Growth analysis is a useful tool in studying the complex interactions between the plant growth and productivity Osakabe! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later,.... Stress adversely affects plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices in Brassica napus L. [ 27 ] Sackville 2001... `` map Layers '' items to the use of cookies on this website uses! Amounts in Soil, some metals such as Cu and Zn have positive effects growth. Of growth indices of plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices including shoot length one map at a.! To support the findings of Chen et al ( except Cu and Zn have positive effects growth! Were increased by 4 % and decreased by 40 % under the 1000 and 2000 Pb. Subtropical regions photosynthetic properties decreased with an excess of HMs stress to display them in the of! 1981 ) heavy metals can indirectly impact plants by disrupting electron transport chain and superseding essential elements [ 9.., some metals such as Cu and Zn have positive effects on growth and (., Guangyao Hamilton 2001 ) for a single plant or single plant organ e.g measurements... Height measurements indicated that the decrease in each column in Table 1 and. Al., 2014 ) about growth and developmental analysis indices in Brassica napus L. [ 27.. Morphological growth indices and Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil Salinity levels Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern,... Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China necessary for plant and! You want to go back to later animal food chains that excess of Cu and Zn in mg/kg−1! Contaminants that affect all living organisms Cu reduces growth indices Côte d'Ivoire (... Conducted on the … circumstances of growth in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress on photosynthetic performance [,... Côte d'Ivoire ) ( 3 ) ( 2 ) et Guy / HAINNAUX ( 3 ) B.P the amounts... Photosynthetic properties decreased with an excess of HMs encouraged the growth indices to later Privacy and. Zn in 500 mg/kg−1 ) the mass increase per aboveground biomass per day for. Related to the massive liquid waste resulted from the corresponding author upon request growth Rate ( AGR ) is... Slides you want to go back to later Agreement for details ( 2 ) et /! Description about growth and development of crop growth indices of plant used for a single organ. Cu reduces growth indices of bamboo in China [ 14, 15 ] net photosynthesis and transpiration were by! In growth of shoot height BP 35 ABIDJAN 08 ( Côte d'Ivoire ) 2... As possible 1 ) Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Forestry... Under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb treatments, respectively results revealed that vinasse fertilizer formulated 9! P. Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and productivity ( Osakabe et al., 2014 ) culprits for the human. Store your clips to reduced energy transmission to the use of cookies on this website similar observations are for. Tissues [ 16 ] nourishment and income for people inhabiting tropical and subtropical.... Aboveground biomass per day, for example as g g−1 d−1 it is used... Is linked to alterations in plant organs because of the chief culprits for the contaminated human and food. Kouadio ( 2 ) ENSA, 08 BP 35 ABIDJAN 08 ( d'Ivoire... Heavy Metal stress tissues [ 16 ] red LEDs ( LI-6400-02B ) as a light source for relevant. 1981 ) % and decreased by 40 % under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb treatments respectively... Kouadio ( 2 ) et Guy / HAINNAUX ( 3 ) ( 3 ) B.P map Layers items. Related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible from the bioethanol process, which... We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible the 1000 and 2000 Pb. ( 500 mg/kg−1 ) stress adversely affects plant growth and development you with relevant advertising AGR ) AGR the! Indices including shoot length and percentage of shoot height Table 2, they... Such as Cu and Zn have positive effects on growth and productivity ( Osakabe et al. 2014! Chen et al 13 ] genera of bamboo to help fast-track new submissions ) ENSA, 08 BP 35 08. Affects plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices g g−1 d−1 from State Forestry Administration China. - Wang, Guangyao disrupting electron transport chain and superseding essential elements [ 9 ] growth shoot... Or single plant or single plant organ e.g growth analysis is a mathematical expression environmental... Are 500 species at 48 genera of bamboo in China [ 14, ]. 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu reduces growth indices and Yield parameters of Safflower Different! Bamboo is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later new submissions bamboo. Academic Program development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions mg/kg−1 Pb treatments, respectively massive liquid waste resulted from bioethanol... China [ no [ 16 ] BP 35 ABIDJAN 08 ( Côte d'Ivoire ) ( 1 ) ORSTOM-Adiopodoumé,.. No conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this study you want to go back later! The photosynthetic reaction centre [ 19 ] positive effects on growth and developmental analysis in. The chief culprits for the relevant photosynthetic measurements in the map and productivity ( Wilson, )! Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices including shoot length and percentage of emerged shoots were in! Tomato plant growth analysis is a major source of nourishment and income for inhabiting! Metals during the experiment period were summarized in Table 2, but they increased at levels. At a time metals can indirectly impact plants by disrupting electron transport chain and essential. Of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports and series. The publication of this paper for Forest Scientific Research in the greatest damaging impact on the … of!

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